Depression and Anxiety

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Depression and anxiety ought not to be considered as two different ailments, as they are the two aspects of one disorder, since the genetics seem to be the same and also because the neurobiology appear to overlap. Over and above this, the biological as well as the psychological qualities are identical in nature. In many cases anxiety follows initially along with the influence it has on a person’s life results in the advancement of depression and depressive symptoms.

The factors that identify anxiety are fear and nervousness or restlessness which gives rise to the feeling of discomfort because of the negative thoughts and belief. Anxiety results in avoidance. Anxiety disorders include mental illness such as – panic attacks, post-traumatic stress disorder as well as obsessive-compulsive disorder and fortunately there are various therapies for controlling anxiety and stress disorders.

On the other hand, depression is simply a negative mental state of mind, whereas, according to the research it has different levels of ‘neurotransmitters’. It is a state of discontinuing or quitting that results when the psychological requirements or demands are not satisfied or fulfilled because of the negative emotions discharged as warning of threats or losses regarding the essential psychological needs. As compared to men, depression occurs more in women. In men, depression is visible through indications such as tiredness, irritability, anger, carelessness. In women, depression tends to manifest as sadness, worthlessness and guilt.

There are many kinds of depressive orders like – major depressive disorder, persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia), premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and adjustment disorder with depressed mood as well as seasonal affective disorder. The symptoms such as – decrease/increase in appetite, insomnia, hypersomnia, psycho motor agitation or retardation, fatigue are all indications of depression.

Psychotherapy medication is beneficial and helps in treating anxiety disorders. Medications may relieve the symptoms of anxiety as it cannot be completely cured by it. Psychiatric medications prescribed by psychologists may be helpful. Medicines such as – Antidepressants, anti-anxiety drugs as well as beta-blockers, Buspirone, along with Benzodiazepines assist in resisting against anxiety disorders.

Depression can be clinically diagnosed as there are no x-ray tests for depression and therefore it is advisable to visit a health professional. Its treatment involves safe and effective medications, namely the SSRI antidepressants. Treatment with medications, phototherapy or electro convulsive therapy alongside transcranial magnetic stimulation as well as psychotherapy and involvement in groups are more frequently important. The lifestyle treatment such as exercise, nutrition, sleep, social support as well as stress education minimizes the impact of depression. Alternative and complimentary treatment for depression comprises of vitamin and herbal supplements, acupuncture, relaxation techniques such as yoga or tai chi.

The common method of treating anxiety is with psychological counseling, which includes cognitive behavioral therapy, psychotherapy or a combination of both.

Anxiety and depression are the symptoms and not the disease while people with depression experience symptoms similar to that of anxiety disorder.

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