Dizziness

and Vertigo

It is the power and the potential to sustain the body’s center of mass over its base of support. An effective balance system performing effectively and accurately licenses for the humans to view distinctly while in motion, spot out locations with respect to gravity, figure out the direction and speed of movement and compose automatic postural adjustments in order to maintain posture and stability in varied conditions and activities.

Balance is attained and sustained by means of a network system of sensory motor control systems which consists of sensory input from vision, somatic sensory system and the vestibular system (motion, equilibrium, structural (spatial) orientation), the fusion of sensory input and motor output, to the eye and body muscles, injury, disease, drugs, or the biological process may or could influence one or more of these components.
Furthermore, in addition to the input of sensory information, there may be some psychological aspects that weaken and damage our perception of balance. Thus, the balance system of a human body is an intricate process of the central and the peripheral systems.

Balance problems are hidden indications of disease followed by various causes and disorders. These entwined mechanisms could cause damage to these components through injury, disease or the aging process. It also involves symptoms such as – dizziness, vertigo, vision problems, nausea, fatigue as well as concentration difficulties. These problems of the human balance system cause trouble in determining the remedy of the root cause of imbalance. The most influential integration of information acquired via the vestibular, visual and the proprioceptive systems would mean that the disarrangement influencing the individual system could remarkably derange an individual’s normal sense of balance. On the other hand, vestibular dysfunction, which is also one of the causes of imbalance, provides complex challenges due to vestibular’ system’s interaction with respect to the cognitive functioning alongside the degree of influence it has on the control of eye movements and posture. Since there are various causes and also disorders that preside over balance problems, the treatment for the same also are numerous.

Dizziness and balance problems are common problems which advance as per the age. No doubt, dizziness has been found to be a rare symptom of a serious or life threatening condition. Dizziness as well as vertigo is caused by problems followed by balance systems located in the inner ear as we receive our sense of balance from the inner ear. Due to the discharge from the ear, after repetitive ear infections, the dizziness could be due to the affected balance system or current infection.

The balance system is a complex system of the nerves, as also of the small tubes called semicircular canals and the fluid inside the labyrinth which includes the parts of the brain and other components.
The cause of dizziness or vertigo occurs when the right and left balance system stop working together and when actually, the brain accepts the head to be moving which is one of the reasons wherein dizziness is triggered and worsened by the movement of head.