Thyroid

Conditions

The thyroid gland is an important organ that generates thyroid hormones essential for sustaining and nourishing the metabolism in our body. This disease (thyroid disease) is a familiar problem that indicates symptoms of over-or-under the function of the thyroid gland, which is located and found in front of the neck below the Adam’s apple wrapped around the windpipe and is connected by the two thyroid lobes on either side by a thread like area of tissue in the centre of the glands known as isthmus.

Since the thyroid performs a vital part in controlling innumerable metabolic processes throughout the body, various types of thyroid disorders either influence its structure or its functions.
The functions of the thyroid gland are balanced and controlled at by a feedback mechanism including the brain. A hormone such as thyrotropin is produced in the brain when the thyroid levels are low. The TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) triggers the thyroid gland to supply more T4.

As soon as the thyroid is affected by TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) from the pituitary, thyroxine is produced and triidothyronine delivers iodine into the thyroid alongside by stimulating thyroid peroxidase activity.Nevertheless, the disorders of pituitary gland and hypothalamus, which controls the thyroid gland could also influence the thyroid function resulting in thyroid problems with particular thyroid disorders like – hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, goiter, thyroid nodules as well as thyroid cancer.The thyroid lump (nodule) is the swelling inside or outside of the

thyroid which is normally generated due to the lack of iodine is important for the functioning of thyroid as well as a major co-factor and stimulator of that enzyme or Hashimoto’s disease. Although the lump may be caused due to hyperthyroidism, there may be indications like high pulse rate, nervousness, increased appetite, weight loss, damp or sticky skin, and, whereas, in case of hypothyroidism, it may indicate signs of fatigue, weight gain, hair loss, dry skin and intolerance to cold.

Basically, the primary symptoms are increase in the size of thyroid gland that causes difficulty in swallowing as well as pain in front of the neck.

Bioidentical Hormone programs have proved to be more beneficial as these hormones get integrated with nutritional therapy, which in turn can be used for treating thyroid disorders. However, T4 (levothyroxine) or T3 (liothyronine) could be beneficial in treating hypothyroidism. The body also forms T4 and reforms it into T3 in the blood vessels as it is considered to be an active thyroid molecule for exercising its influence on the cells of the body.The pituitary gland receives a signal from the hypothalamus, which is a part of the brain, which consecutively sends signal to the thyroid gland. Thus, this process of chemical signal from the pituitary gland to the thyroid gland is called TSH or Thyroid Stimulating Hormone, whereby the brain detects the amount of thyroid hormone circulating in the blood.

The low level of blood signifies that the thyroid hormones are too low and thereby TSH is released to stimulate the thyroid in order to increase the amount of thyroid hormone. T4 is the most commonly and frequently recommended supplement.